The Guide List Of Eessential Oils, Their Uses And Properties

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Essential oils are the fragrant oils present in plants. They are found in the glands, veins, grass, tree or sacs of the plants. These oils extracted from plants are used in perfumes, food flavorings, medicines and as anti-septic additives in many products. These fragrant oils not just affect the nasal senses but also the emotional and spiritual well being of every person. They are plant based oils made up of plant hormones, nutrients and biochemical and do not contain fatty acids. They are completely natural, hence can be safely used for skin. Some of the commonly used essential oils are lavender, grapefruit, lemon, chamomile and peppermint.

Physical Properties of Essential Oils:

1. Essential oils are volatile, which means they evaporate at or above room temperature.

2. They are non-oily and non-greasy and variations in properties can be observed due to change in temperature, soil conditions and the altitude at which it is grown.

3. They are easily absorbed by the human body.

4. They are highly inflammable.

5. The chemical composition of essential oils consists of alcohols, ketones, oxides, lactones, esters, acids, furocoumarins and coumarins. Because of these components, essential oils act as anti-spasmodic, decongestant, detoxifying, circulatory, analgesic, anti-viral, and antifungal agents.

Therapeutic benefits of Essential oils:

1. Mood: The aroma of therapeutic oils helps in lifting mood, increasing alertness, calming anxiousness and reducing stress.

2. Immune system: Aromatic oils stimulate the natural immune system by elevating the levels of immunoglobulins in the body.

3. Inflammation: The anti-inflammatory properties of essential oils help in reducing the pain in many inflammatory conditions. Hence they work as natural pain relievers.

4. Sleep: Studies indicate that essential oil promotes sleep by relaxing and calming the mind.

5. Skin: Essential oils have been used for thousands of years to rejuvenate and improve damaged and wrinkled skin. They are used in many natural skin care products for treating conditions like acne, eczema, stretch marks and dark spots.

6. Stress and Anxiety: Essential oils ease out the stress, tension and anxiety. They have a soothing effect and bring the mind to a peaceful state.

7. Recurrent Infections: Due to their antimicrobial properties, essential oils protect against flu, respiratory infections and cold.

8. Circulation: Therapeutic oils improve blood flow, which further stimulates oxygen and nutrients exchange within tissues.
Burns, Cuts: The healing properties of lavender oil are used in soothing minor burns and cuts.

Types of Essential oils:

1. Lavender:
Lavender has been known for its aromatic properties. Known for its versatile therapeutic essence, lavender oil is used in wide number of conditions. It lifts the spirits, releases stress and chases melancholy. Due to its antispasmodic and tranquilizing effects, lavender is used as an effective headache remedy. It works as a great topical disinfectant for wounds, boils and burns. It soothes bruises, cuts and insect bites. It is used in the treatment of muscular aches, asthma, nausea, cystitis and abdominal cramps.

How to use lavender oil for headache?

Lavender oil can be taken in a mild infusion or directly applied on the temples or sniffed like smelling salts to give relief from headaches, especially caused by stress.

2. Peppermint:

It is used in treating bad breath, muscle fatigue, asthma, spasmodic cough, bronchitis, nausea, and skin conditions such as acne, scabies and dermatitis.

Due to its pain relieving and infection preventing properties, this relaxing herb is used to soothe inflamed tissues and calm down muscle spasms and prevent frequent infections.

3. Tea Tree oil:
Tea tree oil is used for treating conditions like dandruff, acne, sores, oily skin, spots, catarrh, coughs, colds, infectious illnesses and pimples.

4. Eucalyptus:
This great anti-septic oil is used in colds, throat infections, muscle pains, flu, headaches and skin infections.

5. Clary Sage:
It is used in menstrual problems, asthma, high blood pressure, ulcers, wrinkles and throat infections.

6. Jasmine:
It is used for treating stress related conditions.

7. Lemon:
It is used in treating acne, warts, nosebleeds, asthma, throat infections and catarrh.

8. Spearmint:
It is used as digestive aid.

Before mixing essential oils or blending, consider certain things such as chemistry of the oil, sequence of the oil and desired therapeutic action of oil. Lighter and heavier molecules of essential oils are blended together to get the desired properties.

More information on essential oils and their properties can be found in “The complete book of essential oils and aromatherapy by Valerie Ann Worwood”.

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